Economic Development of Mainland China and Youth Employment in the 21st Century - Yiyong YANG Jiaqi AN
Director-General, Professor and PhD Supervisor, Institute of Social Development Studies,
National Development and Reform Commission
Vice-President, The China Association for Labor Studies
PhD Student, Institute of Social Security Studies, Renmin University of China
[Abstract] In the 21st century, China must focus on improving the socialist market economy, transforming the pattern of economic growth, cooperating with other countries, and applying science and technology in the process of economic development. These areas have a great impact on youth employment in China. Young people should be able to advance their career by preparing well their physical constitution, psychological qualities, and knowledge and skills.
Keywords: the 21st century; economic development; youth; employment
The Impact of Globalisation on the Values of Contemporary Chinese Youth - Jiufu LAN
College of Philosophy and Sociology, Beijing Normal University
[Abstract] This paper focuses on the impact on the values of contemporary Chinese youth brought about by the exposure to a multiplicity of world cultures through globalisation. It mainly centres on two key issues with regard to Chinese young people today: one is the conflict of values between Eastern and Western culture; the other is the challenge of value identification.
Keywords: globalisation; value conflict; value identification
Fostering the Consciousness of the Rule of Law among Youth - Xianchu ZHANG
Professor and Associate Dean, Faculty of Law, The University of Hong Kong
[Abstract] Fostering the consciousness of the rule of law among youth is a great challenge facing all countries throughout the world. In the new legal environment, youth are not only better protected, but also have more legal responsibilities and liabilities. This article reviews the international trend in cultivating and promoting the consciousness of the rule of law among youth, highlights some major characteristics of such development in mainland China, and identifies some areas where improvement is urgently needed. The author argues that fostering the awareness of the rule of law among youth has universal value and cannot be effectively carried out on a force-feeding basis. The goal may only be achieved with a balanced approach between rights-obligations and education-participation, together with the development of the rule of law in mainland China.
Keywords: youth; children’s citizenship; rule of law; citizenship education; mainland China
The National Pride of Hong Kong Youth: Situation, Causes, and Implications - Timothy K. Y. WONG Po San WAN Kenneth W. K. LAW
Timothy K. Y. WONG
Associate Director, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Po San WAN
Research Officer, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Kenneth W. K. LAW
Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology and Social Policy, Lingnan University
[Abstract] National pride is an important basis for the internal cohesiveness of modern nation-states. This paper makes use of data from a 2007 social survey to examine the national pride amongst Hong Kong youth, and the factors shaping it. It finds that national pride amongst the youth of Hong Kong is very high and similar to that of older age groups, reflecting the success of Hong Kong’s reunification with the Chinese nation-state over the past decade. This study also reveals that the factors which have shaped the national pride of Hong Kong people include place of birth, subjective class identification, satisfaction with the local economy, satisfaction with local democratic development, local pride in being citizens of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, and trust in the central government. The last two factors seem to most engender national pride.
Keywords: national pride; national education; youth; class identification; HKSAR government
The Internet Culture of the e-Generation - Haoqing WANG
PhD, Deputy Director and Associate Professor, Global Communication Research Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University
[Abstract] The e-generation refers to those born in the e-times of the 1980s and ‘90s whose lives have been closely connected to mobile phones and the Internet. Understanding the culture of the e-generation is not only an academic task for cultural studies and social science scholars, but also a cultural concern of the wider society. This article tries to explain the 10 main conflicts that the e-generation are dynamically experiencing in their political, technical, entertainment, emotional, and school life with the development of the Internet.
Keywords: e-generation; e-times; Internet; cultural conflicts
Challenges and Obstacles in the Development of Chinese Youths - Chunmei ZHANG
Lecturer, Department of Psychology, School of Philosophy, Wuhan University
Professor, School of Psychology, Huazhong Normal University
[Abstract] Since China embarked on the path of reforming and opening up, youths in the country have experienced complex social vicissitude, and their process of socialisation has become increasingly challenging. The stress of studying and employment, psychological problems, Internet addiction, and juvenile delinquency are becoming increasingly difficult obstacles to their development. To help youths successfully deal with all these pressures, it is necessary to transform conceptions of youth development, invest in the macro social environment such as through improving relevant policy, reform education and family parenting, and provide effective psychological consultation for youths.
Keywords: youths; development; psychological health; Internet addiction; juvenile delinquency
A Discussion on the Basis and Methods of China’s Youth-Related Work Development──Community Volunteer Service and the Growth of Young People - Yili MA
Director, Shanghai Civil Affairs Bureau
[Abstract] Young volunteers who serve the community, while internalising the value of voluntary service as a kind of social responsibility and meeting the needs of the service resources of the community, have enhanced the sense of belonging and cohesion of the community and become a positive model for the self-development of young people and solutions to juvenile problems. The future community volunteer service of young people should seek to realise its true values by helping to rebuild the community, by improving its professionalisation in terms of the development of social work, and by attaining standardisation through the institutionalisation of volunteer work. Through this, it can become an effective means for the development of grassroots community management and youth-related work in Mainland China.
Keywords: community; youth; volunteer service
Globalisation and Chinese Youth - Yinya LI
President, British Chinese Youth Federation
[Abstract] This paper attempts to evaluate, from an unofficial perspective, how Chinese youth can participate in a world undergoing globalisation. It suggests that Chinese young people should learn about Chinese and Western cultures in tandem and know how to tell the differences, and the advantages and disadvantages of both. There are four parts to the paper: 1) globalisation or internationalisation, 2) the extent of knowledge about globalisation amongst China’s youth, 3) globalisation and employment issues for China’s youth, and 4) Chinese culture for China’s youth in the midst of the impact of globalisation.
Keywords: globalisation; China; youth; employment; culture
The Practical Experience of Nurturing Young Global Citizens - Phoenix M. W. NGAI
Phoenix M. W. NGAI
Secretary General, The Dragon Foundation
[Abstract] We have entered into an era of globalisation in which different nations, sectors, and individuals are highly interdependent. We enjoy the convenience and advantages of the rapid development of information technology, but we also have to bear the adverse consequences and problems of globalisation. To tackle global problems, we rely on our young leaders who possess the vision, ethics, and skills of global citizens. The Dragon Foundation has sought to achieve this objective through the Global Citizenship Programme since 2004. This paper outlines the content and essence of the programme, and describes how we can nurture our future leaders to be global citizens.
Keywords: global citizen; globalisation; youth leader; global vision; international organization
Secondary Education and Personality Development──The Experience of the “Enjoy Studying and Performing Duties” Project - Shusheng WEI
Party Secretary and Director, Panjin Education Bureau, Liaoning
[Abstract] Developing a good personality should be an objective of secondary education. Students should develop values that enable them to enjoy studying and performing their duties in order to achieve the healthy development of their personality. This is especially important during a period when the economy is developing rapidly. Schools should work together with families and society to help students develop such values. We should understand the importance of having such values before we act. The values should be developed through daily habits and the experience of joy. As a result, students will benefit from these sorts of values that they will hold.
Keywords: secondary education; personality development