Exercise Participation of the Youth in Hong Kong - Wing-sum WONG
Executive Director & Appointed Lecturer
Physical Fitness Association of Hong Kong, China
【Abstract】 The paper noted that only a small proportion of young people in Hong Kong attain optimum amounts of physical activities as recommended by a universally recognized authority. Most of the young people even perceive the adequate amount of physical activity incorrectly. “Unpopular”, “newly developing”, “revived” as well as “trendy” sport and exercise should not be ignored in Hong Kong. Young people should be provided with more opportunities to participate in organized exercise training. Exercise habits should be nurtured from infancy. Material, institutional, behavioural as well as psychological factors should be considered in the development of an exercise culture.
Keywords: exercise habits; physical activity level; youth sports; exercise culture
The Relationship Between Sports Facilities and Youth’s Engagement in Sports and Recreation - Lobo H. LOUIE
Lobo H. LOUIE
Associate Professor, Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University
【Abstract】The Hong Kong Government paid little attention to the sports facilities development before the 1950s, and most of the sports facilities were assembled by voluntary organizations. Since the 1967 riots, the Hong Kong Government has provided more facilities for young people to engage in recreational sports. In recent years, the Government has increased its commitment to implementing a sports policy and allocated more resources for building new sports and recreational venues for the
development of community sport. The present paper looks into the relationship between community sports facilities and youth physical activity.
Keywords: sports facilities; sports promotion; youth sports; sports for all
A Review of the Correlates of Adolescent Physical Activity Participation - Peggy P. Y. CHEUNG
Peggy P. Y. CHEUNG
Assistant Professor, Department of Health and Physical Education, The Hong Kong Institute of Education
【Abstract】Despite the fact that physical activity participation benefits the physical and mental health of adolescents, their low level of participation was still widely reported. With the target to promote the physical activity participation of adolescents, it is necessary to understand the factors associated with their participation. This paper reviews previous studies on the correlates of adolescent physical activity participation. Reference from intervention studies in countries with different backgrounds, the author provides recommendations on how to increase to physical activity participation for local adolescents.
Keywords: adolescent; sports participation; physical activity; correlates
Sport and Quality of Life - Jingdong LIU Chun HU
Research Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University
Research Assistant, Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University
【Abstract】Quality of life has not only attracted extensive public attention, but also been widely studied by researchers from various fields in recent years. However, different approaches and methods have been developed and adopted by different groups for different purposes in their studies. Based on previous empirical findings, the current paper aims to summarize the relationship between sport and health-related quality of life among young people and further provide suggestions for promoting a physically active lifestyle and improving the health-related quality of life among young people in Hong Kong.
Keywords: sport; physical activity; quality of life; health-related quality of life; youth
The Strategies of Promoting Physical Education and Sports in Hong Kong - T-fai YEUNG
Research Fellow, SynergyNet
【Abstract】This paper will firstly discuss the similarities and differences between kinesiology and sports. Then it will briefly identify the features of other places’ promotion of kinesiology and sports in the community and explain the motives for promoting it. This paper will also evaluate the discrepancies between the ideal of promoting kinesiology and sports in the community of Hong Kong and the reality. In addition, this article will explain the causes of Hong Kong residents’ lack of physical exercise, so as to point in the direction of effective remedies for this issue. Finally, this paper will give policy and practice recommendations for promoting kinesiology and sports in the community of Hong Kong.
Keywords: promoting kinesiology and sports in the community; direct sports participation; indirect sports participation; lack of physical activity/exercise
Physical Education in Hong Kong in the 21st Century - Siu Yin CHEUNG
Siu Yin CHEUNG
Professor, Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University
【Abstract】Education reform in Hong Kong has created a new physical education curriculum for the 21st century which includes General Physical Education and the new Senior Secondary Physical Education as elective subjects for the new Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE) Examination. Physical education is one of the key learning areas in the curriculum and is a compulsory program in both primary and secondary schools in Hong Kong. With its slogan “to educate students through physical activities,” the new physical education curriculum not only focuses on sporting skills: the development of generic skills, positive values, and attitudes is also emphasized. Being an elective subject of the HKDSE, the result of the physical education examination is counted for admission to post-secondary institutions in Hong Kong. This is a milestone in the development and promotion of physical education curriculum in Hong Kong.
Keywords: Hong Kong; physical education; senior secondary elective subject; generic skills
Building Community and Positive Youth through Sports Participation: A Brief Review and Suggestions for Hong Kong Sports Service Providers - Wai Chi YIP
Wai Chi YIP
Sports Manager, Community Team Sports, The Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups
【Abstract】Society has labelled young people as dissatisfied with society. Yet promoting sports among youngsters can help develop positive youth. In the long run, sports help improve physical and psychological health. Sports can also help build community, for example by generating economic benefits and reducing public health expenditure by lowering rates of disease. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how sports participation can effect positive change in youth and the community, and to suggest how to plan a sports program based on sport-for-development theory that can foster positive outcomes.
Keywords: positive youth development; community development; community and sports
Safeguarding Children’s Rights in Competitive Sport - Trisha LEAHY
Chief Executive, The Hong Kong Sports Institute
【Abstract】Given the well-researched and widely recognized public health benefits of physically active and sporting lifestyles, sport development constitutes an important policy priority in many countries. Recent documenting of abuse and violence in sport has led to a more considered focus on regulatory processes in sport and children’s rights and welfare needs as participants in sports systems. Child abuse exists in all societies and is a widespread and complex social problem. It is inevitable that the sports sector must also deal with this phenomenon. The importance of clear safeguarding systems is fundamental to our goals of promoting youth wellness through sports and is an important part of good governance for sports organizations. Safeguarding concerns keeping children who participate in sport safe from abuse and protecting them from people who may intend to do them harm. In this article I will provide a review of the role and responsibility of sports organizations and personnel in promoting safeguarding, and provide examples of policies and procedures that can maximize safety and minimize risk.
Keywords: safeguarding; youth sport; abuse prevention; child protection policy
Exercise and Diet: Healthy Lifestyle of Adolescents - Cora WONG
Manager / Registered Dietitian, St. James’ Settlement - Community Nutrition Services and Education Center