Youth I.D.E.A.S. 16
Education and Innovation
Attitude of Secondary Students on Physical Education
28 November, 2016
Physical activity (PA) is good for the body and mind. It not only promotes the development of body muscles, but also helps relieve mental stress. Physical Education (PE) is one of the eight key learning areas and five basic learning experiences in the secondary school curriculum. According to the guidelines issued by the Curriculum Development Council, PE aims to teach students various sports and sports knowledge, help them build an active and healthy lifestyle, and cultivate good morals.
However, according to the “Healthy Exercise for All Campaign – Physical Fitness Test for the Community” final summary report, only 8.4% of 2,517 students in Hong Kong (aged 13 to 19) could meet the level of PA in 2011-2012 as recommended by the WHO. The percentage of which lagged far below other regions. A study by the Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine of the University of Hong Kong in 2015, noted that there was no significant improvement of cardiopulmonary fitness among Hong Kong students over the past few years. In this aspect, students in Hong Kong were less fit than their peers in Europe.
In addition, a survey released by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2014 observed that Hong Kong secondary school students have an average of only 90 minutes of PE classes a week, which is notably less than in either European and American countries or neighbouring regions.
In terms of the level of PA, cardiorespiratory fitness, and physical education hours in secondary schools, young people in Hong Kong have not only failed to meet globally-recognised standards, but they are also far below regional standards. This has raised concerns about whether PE classes in secondary schools are currently effective in cultivating students’ interest in sports and establishing good sports habits.
This study aims to review PE classes among secondary school students in Hong Kong and their perceptions of PE. Through understanding their practices in PA, as well as the tendency to develop professional PA careers, recommendations will be put forward in an attempt to address the issues concerned.
 World Health Organization. (2010). Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health.
 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2014).World-wide Survey of School Physical Education－Final Report 2013, 113.