The Adjustment Problems of Children and Youth from Mainland China - HO Kit-wan
Lecturer, Department of Applied Social Studies, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
[Abstract] In recent years, the number of people from the mainland has been increasing drastically. It has increased from the original 75 persons per day to the present 150 persons per day. Due to socioeconomic reasons, most of the new arrivals are young women and children. These new arrivals face different kinds of problems in their daily lives. Policy makers and service providers begin to recognize their problems. Government and some funding bodies allocate some resources to non-government organizations to run programs for these people. Adjustment programs are usually provided to this minority group, since service providers and even policy makers attribute the encountered problems a result of adjustment difficulties. Some people attribute these problems to culture shock. Some attribute this to the problem of acculturation. These attributions are widely accepted in the public. This paper tries to examine the nature of problems new arrivals (only children and youth) are facing, and tease out the causes behind them. The proposition is that structural and human factors, which is mainly discrimination, rather than deep-rooted cultural factors are the causes. Finally, a direction for service provision is also suggested.
Social and Psychological Factors Affecting Post-Treatment Drug Use of Young Treated Addicts in Hong Kong - Yuet Wah CHEUNG Wai Ting CHEUNG James M. N. CH'IEN
Yuet Wah CHEUNG
Professor, Department of Sociology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Wai Ting CHEUNG
Graduate Student, Department of Sociology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
James M. N. CH'IEN
Honorary Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, The Chinese University of Hong Kong/Founding President, Pui Hong Self-Helf Association
[Abstract] This paper examines the influence of social and psychological factors on the drug use status of young treated addicts after receiving treatment and rehabilitation services. Data were extracted from a group of 53 male former clients of SARDA whose ages were between 25 and 35 and who were part of the larger sample of the "Follow-up Study of Former SARDA Clients" conducted in 1996. The theoretical framework was derived from several deviance theories, including control theory, self-efficacy theory, labelling theory, and differential association theory. Variables pertaining to these theories were divided into three broad categories, namely, social support variables, psychological well-being variables, and drug subculture variables. Results show that all these variables were significantly related to post-treatment drug use status. Implications of the findings for treatment and rehabilitation services in Hong Kong are discussed.
Feminism and Youth Work - FUNG Kwok Kin HUNG Suet Lin, Shirley
FUNG Kwok Kin
Lecturer, Division of Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong
HUNG Suet Lin, Shirley
Social Work Supervisor, Caritas Community Centre - Tsuen Wan
[Abstract] While working with girls or young women has been a concern in the West, youth workers in Hong Kong rarely see the relevancy of Feminism to youth work. The authors, after introducing Feminism briefly, draw the implications of Feminism on youth work mainly in twofold. Feminism offers a perspective in analyzing the stereotypes, the imbalance gender power relationship and the social construction of gender while working with youth. The implications of Feminism on youth work objectives and working approaches are discussed. The objectives of youth work is to minimize the effect of sex role stereotypes, to reinforce self worth of young girls, to redress the unequal gender power relationship among peers and to facilitate reflection on the social construction of gender. Youth workers can consciously integrate the gender perspective in running girls and young women's groups.
The Quality of the Today Youngsters : The Way Ahead – A Reflection after some China Exchange Programmes - SO Oi King
SO Oi King
Senior Student Counsellor, Hong Kong Technical College (Chai Wan)
[Abstract] During some China Exchange Programs, different occasions in meeting with young students from Hong Kong and China had been arranged, quite a lot of significant differences between them could be easily observed. The writer tries to figure out some of the main differences, especially the common characteristics of nowadays youths. The quality of the young generation is being repeatedly complained as deteriorating, what are the reasons behind? How can the situation be improved? To the writer, education process in Hong Kong should play a more active role in improving the quality, or even the value setting and mentality of the younger generation. A more lively and interactive schooling environment with focusing not only on the delivery of knowledge but also more emphasis on positive valve, common sense and daily life wisdom in a more guiding manner, may be one of the possible re-engineering to education.
Promoting Women's Health in Hong Kong - Linda WONG
Director of Hong Kong Federation of Women's Centres
[Abstract] Hong Kong Government has adopted a narrow policy and programme focus on women's health. This means an exclusion of girls, unmarried and other women. The Government needs to widen the philosophy of services which not primarily target at women as childbearers, but examine women's health needs along a spectrum of needs throughout their lives. More researches should be conducted to explore the health needs of women. In addition, focus should be placed on three areas:(1) Improve the accessibility of women's health (2) Promote women's health education; and(3) conduct gender-training to health professionals. Besides, the Government needs to set up a Women's Health Unit for policy, research and planning.
"Letter Box of Uncle Longleg" — An Experience of Letter Counselling - CHAU Yuk Ying WU CHEN So Fong
CHAU Yuk Ying
Convenor of working group on "Letter Box of Uncle Longleg", Evangelical Lutheran Church Hong Kong - Children and Youth Service
WU CHEN So Fong
Senior Social Service Coordinator, Evangelical Lutheran Church Hong Kong - Social Service
[Abstract] During the growing up process, children face many challenges. There may be frustration, stress and developmental hazards. They need support and guidance from adults whom they can trust. "Letter Box of Uncle Longleg" is an innovative counselling service for adolescents studying primary 4 to 6 or junior secondary school. Using the medium of letter, children are encouraged to express themselves when facing problems related to family, courtship, friendship and study. Also, letter writing is a convenient and secure medium, comparing with conventional face to face interviews. Its high accessibility makes children more willing to disclose their personal feelings and problems. It makes help seeking less stressful for young children. The project was started in 1994 in our Yuen Long Children and Youth Centre. Now it has been jointly organized by five centres. For the past four years, more than seven thousand letters have been received from more than three thousand adolescents. The response is very encouraging. On the average, each writer has written about four letters.
Effects of Social Change during the Transition on Cognition, Emotion and Attitude of Youth in Hong Kong - CHAN King Chuen
CHAN King Chuen
Information & Research Manager, Breakthrough
[Abstract] The main objective of the study is to explore how the young generation perceive themselves and the rapidly changing society before the transfer of sovereignty in 1997. Telephone survey was used to collect data from 504 young people aged 15 to 29, while face-to-face survey was employed to explore the opinions of 973 university students. In addition, twelve focus groups, including three categories of young people, were conducted. The study finds that: 1) young people's analytical ability was not as poor as we believed; 2) most young people were very realistic; 3) fidelity was still strong among young people who also emphasized moral principles; 4) young people tended to use avoidance or negative attitudes while facing difficulties; 5) young people were ambivalent toward the concepts of democracy and freedom, they also had a strong sense of individualism and political helplessness; 6) young people had reservation over emigration because of the possibility of family and social problems caused; 7) although young people did not like mainland immigrants, they recognized their strengths; 8) concerning attitudes toward job, young people were middle class oriented and mainly looked for well-paid and stable executive jobs; and 9) young people participated in various kinds of leisure activities including sporty and light, personal as well as group ones. Also, television and radio programmes strongly influenced young people's daily life.
The Implementation of Civic Education in Hong Kong Schools: Problems and Issues - TSE Kwan Choi
TSE Kwan Choi
Assistant Professor, Department of Education Administration and Policy, the Chinese University of Hong Kong
[Abstract] The political changes of decolonization and reintegration with mainland China pose new challenges of civic education for Hong Kong schools, but the civic education movement in the mid-1980s onwards was problematic to fulfil the mission of preparing Hong Kong students for citizenship and the political change after 1997. This paper evaluates the recent objectives, contents and implementation of civic education in the formal and informal curriculums; and questions their impacts on local students' learning of social-political orientation. Finally, this paper discusses important issues concerning the strategies and policies of future civic education programmes in local schools.
The Nature of Parent-Adolescent Conflict in Hong Kong - Daniel T. L. SHEK, JP L. K. CHAN
Daniel T. L. SHEK, JP L. K. CHAN
Department of Social Work, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
[Abstract] Chinese adolescents and parents were interviewed individually to examine the frequency and nature of parent-adolescent conflict and their narratives were content analyzed. Results showed that the frequency of parent-adolescent conflict was generally not high, although the mothers, relative to the fathers were perceived to have more conflict with their children. For the nature of parent-adolescent conflict, parents' and children's narratives consistently showed that "academic matters", "going out", "family matters" and "sibling issues" were four areas over which parent-adolescent commonly occurred. Although no gender differences were basically found in any area of mother-adolescent conflict, some gender differences were found with regard to issues related to father-adolescent conflict.