Volume 17, Issue No. 2 (Serial No. 34) Creative Industries and Opportunities for Youth Development

Journal of Youth Studies

July 2014

Volume 17 . Issue No. 2

Serial No. 34

Feature : Creative Industries and Opportunities for Youth Development

The Necessary Elements for the Youth in Developing Creative Industries - Henry Chi Fai MA
Henry Chi Fai MA
Associate Dean, School of Design, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

【Abstract】People usually have the impression that youths should be full of vigour and passion and describe them as possessing “the swagger and the bravado of a fearless calf.” It is well known that youths are not necessarily responsible for their own thinking and easily accept new ideas, hence it is an advantage for them to participate in the “creative industry,” which has a great need of innovation and creativity. Is this commonly accepted and direct concept true, or is it just a misunderstanding? This article aims to create a theoretical framework with different elements for developing creativity by citing several creativity-based academic discourses so as to investigate the meaning of “creativity” in the “creative industries.” This theoretical framework allows us to develop a better understanding of creativity and how we might nurture and foster it. This is a particularly useful reference for youths who are going to dedicate themselves to the creative industry.
Keywords: creativity, creative elements, creative industries Associate Dean, School of Design, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Prospects for Young People Joining the Innovation and Technology Industry - Nim-kwan CHEUNG
Nim-kwan CHEUNG
Chief Executive Officer, Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute

【Abstract】Many countries have recently put great emphasis on the development of the innovation and technology industry. Though Hong Kong is slightly lagging behind, an unprecedented opportunity is unfolding for local research and development (R&D) talents under a market-driven environment with support from the government and the private sector. Young people who are passionate about innovation and technology should consider joining the R&D profession related to their own interests and abilities.
Keywords: R&D, R&D talent, innovation and technology, R&D profession, technology related industry
Create an Oasis With Art of Design - Raymond CHOY
Raymond CHOY
Founder and President, Toy2R Limited

【Abstract】Under the new historical situation and development opportunities, Hong Kong not only to establish our own distinct characteristics, training a number of unique and innovative capacity of the outstanding young designers, but also to promote and improve participation in the arts and education. The only way to truly succeed in establishing Hong Kong’s position in the world of art is to make it a vibrant and diverse arts oasis.
Keywords: art design, creativity, support
A Study on How to Facilitate Youth Participation in Creative Industries through Policy Comparison and Stakeholders’ Experience - Shui Ching CHAN Amy S. M. YUEN
Shui Ching CHAN
Amy S. M. YUEN
Youth Research Centre, The Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups

【Abstract】Cultural and creative industries have been designated as one of the six economic areas where Hong Kong has enjoyed clear advantages. But whether Hong Kong has implemented effective policies and measures to facilitate the development of these industries and youth participation in the industries is still in doubt. This article examines the development of creative industries and relevant policies in South Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan in comparison with Hong Kong. Through in-depth interviews with 19 stakeholders, this article makes a comprehensive analysis of the development of creative industries in Hong Kong, as well as youth participation in creative industries. Recommendations are made for how to facilitate youth participation in creative industries.
Keywords: creative industries, youth, government role, supporting policies, decision-making institute
From creativity to creative industries: a curly road that education can contribute - James KO Debbie LAU
James KO
Assistant Professor, Department of Education Policy and Leadership, The Hong Kong Institute of Education
Debbie LAU
Research Assistant, Department of Education Policy and Leadership, The Hong Kong Institute of Education
【Abstract】One proposed initiative of the Hong Kong Government is maintaining the city’s competitiveness and strategies by cultivating the creativity of her people. Thus, understanding the economic outputs generated by people’s creativity, and the structural and environmental conditions that allow people to remain creative is important. This paper examines the concept of creativity and the two main forms of creativity cultivation in schools. Based on interviews with teachers of a local secondary school excelled in drama education, the contributions of a whole-school approach, internal support and opportunities, and capital resources to creative education in school are explored. Finally, a stronger emphasis on creativity education in extra-curricular activities, and vocational educationand training is proposed, especially for students of lower academic achievements and those from backgrounds of lower socioeconomic status.
Keywords: creativity, school policy, formal curriculum, extra-curricular activities, vocational education and training
From Idea to Practice —— Creative Arts Programmes at The Open University of Hong Kong - Kwok-kan TAM Sunny Sui-kwong LAM Angela Tsin-fung LAW David Kei-man YIP Vincent Shing-fung MAK Makin Bing-fai FUNG
Kwok-kan TAM
Dean, School of Arts and Social Sciences, The Open University of Hong Kong
Sunny Sui-kwong LAM
Assistant Professor, School of Arts and Social Sciences, The Open University of Hong Kong
Angela Tsin-fung LAW
David Kei-man YIP
Vincent Shing-fung MAK
Makin Bing-fai FUNG
Lecturer, School of Arts and Social Sciences, The Open University of Hong Kong
【Abstract】In the year 2002, the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region first proposed the concept of “Creative Industries,” which ushered in new thinking in the political and business sectors and among the public. In embracing new forces, “Creative Education” undoubtedly plays an important role. The Open University of Hong Kong, with its mission to raise the creativity of society and its people-oriented spirit, has introduced four full-time face-to-face creative arts degree programmes in recent years, which aim to nurture creative talents with sensitivity to both visual aesthetics and culture, providing a knowledge-based workforce that keeps up with the times, enhancing human capital for society, and creating favourable conditions for the development of creative industries.
Keywords: The Open University of Hong Kong, Creative Arts Degree Programmes, creative arts education, creative industries, new media
Fostering Student Creativity: What Teachers Can Do? - Jiafang LU
Jiafang LU
The Joseph Lau Luen Hung Charitable Trust Asia Pacific Centre for Leadership and Change, The Hong Kong Institute of Education
【Abstract】What can teachers do to foster student creativity? This paper presents a synthesis of literature in education and organizational science. It focuses on identifying contextual factors that contribute to the development of student creativity, including role modelling, informal learning experiences, collaborating with diverse others, psychological safely, and cultivating an inclusive school environment. The practical implications for teaching practices and ways of interacting with students are also discussed.
Keywords: creativity, teacher, education, primary and secondary schools, tertiary institution
Make a Difference (MaD) in its 5th Year: Reflections and Sharing - Ada WONG
Hon Chief Executive, Hong Kong Institute of Contemporary Culture (HKICC)
Convenor of MaD (Make a Difference)
【Abstract】In 2009, when mainstream values were notably shaken by the financial tsunami, the future of young people – whether they could venture into something beyond conventional notions of “success” – became a critical question. MaD (Make a Difference) was thus founded to inspire independent thinking through creative processes, and to nurture a new generation able to redirect Asia’s development with social consciousness and global vision. Over the past five years, Hong Kong’s economy has recovered; nonetheless, its political and cultural developments have been staggering. In view of this, MaD continues to promote positive change for a more creative, innovative, empathic, inclusive, and sustainable way forward.
Keywords: creativity, social innovation, civil society, positive change, Asia

Pan-Chinese Societies Exchange : The 2014 World Cup: Effects on Young People’s Exercise Habits

A Concern about Hong Kong adolescents’ Health and Sport Participation Induced by the World Cup - Pak-kwong CHUNG Ka-man LEUNG
Pak-kwong CHUNG
Professor, Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University
Ka-man LEUNG
PhD Candidate, Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University
【Abstract】People in Hong Kong love football. Thus the 2014 World Cup is an opportunity to encourage Hong Kong adolescents to take part in football or other physical activities. However, physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyles are well documented among Hong Kong adolescents. In promoting our next generation’s physical activity and health, parents, schools, communities, and governments have important roles to play. This article shares some successful experiences from other countries and research findings in this subject area. One successful example can be found in interventions that embraced the elements of individuals’ development, social support, and environmental changes. If Hong Kong could learn from these successful experiences and tailor related policies through a concerted effort, we believe our new generation will acquire an active and healthy lifestyle when they grow up.
Keywords: The World Cup, Hong Kong adolescent, physical activity
Relationship between Participation in Recreational Physical Activity and Quality of Life in the Students of High Schools in Macao
Zhaowei KONG
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Education, University of Macau
【Abstract】Differences in culture and language can cause misunderstandings. The aim of this study was to develop a scale of quality of life for local high school students and to investigate the relationship between participation in recreational physical activity and quality of life. Questionnaires including the scale of quality of life (QOL) were distributed to 400 students in four selected high schools in Macao. There was a trend in Recreation of QOL that the students who engaged in a lot of exercise had higher scores than those who had a moderate or low amount of exercise. This suggests that enhancing participation in recreational physical activity may be effective in improving QOL among senior students of Macao high schools.
Keywords: recreational physical activity, quality of life, high school, students, Macao
Differences in Daily Step Counts among Primary, Secondary, and Junior College Students in Singapore
John Chee Keng WANG
Professor, Physical Education and Sports Science, National Institute of Education, Singapore
Woon Chia LIU
Associate Professor, Psychological Studies, National Institute of Education, Singapore
Koon Teck KOH
Coral Boon San LIM
Assistant Professor, Physical Education and Sports Science, National Institute of Education, Singapore
【Abstract】The purpose of this study is to describe and analyse the physical activity patterns measured through pedometers among primary, secondary, and college students. A sample of 571 school children wore pedometers for 5 consecutive weekdays and one weekend day. Results showed that male students were more active than female students across all categories, except during co-curricular activity (CCAs). Primary school students were more active than secondary school and college students. Taken together, the findings of this study support the idea that, as children get older, the differences between boys and girls reduce drastically until the college level, at which point boys are equally as inactive as girls.
Keywords: pedometer, physical activity, step count, adolescents, children
Strategies for promoting adolescent's physical activity in Taiwan - Li-kang CHI
Li-kang CHI
Professor, Department of Physical Education, National Taiwan Normal University
【Abstract】The link between lack of physical activity and morbidity and mortality is a subject that has gradually drawn attention around the world. Adolescent exercise habits certainly affect their health, and may even affect their physical activity and health in adulthood. Recent studies have found that the physical activity of young people is clearly insufficient. This paper reviews previous research on the factors of adolescent physical activity, school-based promotion programmes, and theoretical models related to physical activity to enhance young people’s physical activity and to establish regular exercise habits.
Keywords: physical activity, exercise habit, health promotion, school

Professional Exchange

Community service’s impact on adolescent identity formation —— Case study of three secondary schools in Hong Kong
Hui-xuan XU
Assistant Professor, Department of Curriculum and Instruction, The Hong Kong Institute of Education
【Abstract】Since the implementation of the new senior secondary curriculum in 2009, community service has been a compulsory learning experience for senior secondary students in Hong Kong. This article focuses on the impact of exposure to community service on adolescent identity formation. Twenty-three students from three schools were interviewed and the results show that community service provides participants with opportunities to understand various social groups. Accordingly, their values were challenged and life goals discovered, and the relation between individuals and society was constructed. Pro-social attitude and behaviour and civic identity are two domains of identity developed through community service.
Keywords: community service, adolescence, identity
Effects of In-School Youth Skills Acquisition Activities on Academic Performances in Ondo State, Nigeria - Dixon Olutade TORIMIRO Oluwatosin Oluwasegun FASINA Abiola BAYODE
Dixon Olutade TORIMIRO
Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, Obafemi Awolowo University
Oluwatosin Oluwasegun FASINA
Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication Technology, Federal University of Technology
【Abstract】Sequel to increase involvement of Nigerian in-school youth in vocational skills acquisition, this study was conducted to examine its effects on the academic performance of 120 students in Ondo State, Nigeria. Data were presented using frequency tables and percentages, while t-test was used to determine significant differences in academic performance. Majority (81.7%) indicated fear of future joblessness as a motivation for involvement. No significant difference was found between personal characteristics of those involved and those not involved. T-test analysis however revealed a significant difference in mean scores (p<0.05) between academic performances of those involved (45.81%) and those not involved (52.18%). Involvement in skill acquisition activities thus had a significant negative effect on their academic performances. There is therefore the need to reduce weekly frequency of involvement in order to make more time available for study at home and to reduce physical stress.
Keywords: skill acquisition, motivation, unemployment, academic performance, challenges