Changes in the Population Demographic Structure and Youth Development in Hong Kong - Chi Kwong LAW
Chi Kwong LAW
Associate Professor, Department of Social Work and Social Administration, The University of Hong Kong
【Abstract】Apart from the slowing of economic growth and the lack of diversity in Hong Kong’s industrial structure, existing statistical analysis does not give a positive picture of the impact of demographic changes in the past 30 years, or in the next 30 years, on the development of young people in Hong Kong. Similarly, reviewing the statistics of those among Hong Kong’s permanent residents who work mostly on the Mainland, we are not optimistic about the opportunities for our young people to work on the Mainland. The remaining public policies available to have an impact on the opportunities of youth development are the diversification of our industrial structure and the development of our education system, though young people’s ability to empower themselves and be in control of their own destiny are equally important.
Keywords: Youth development, demographic structure, Mainland opportunities
Raising Fertility Rate: from a Social Perspective - Herman FUNG
Friends of Bauhinia
【Abstract】Raising the fertility rate is the most direct way of alleviating the ageing of a population. From the experiences of other countries, we learn that there are multiple drivers affecting fertility rates, and such mechanisms may vary significantly from country to country. This paper analyses the specific factors that may affect couples’ decisions about child bearing in order to gain valuable insights that can aid in the establishment of policies to increase the fertility rate.
Keywords: fertility rate, ageing population, family friendly
Analyzing the Difficulties of Anchor Children Living in Hong Kong from Population Policy views - Ivan KWAN
Member of 30s Group, Housing and Planning Work Group
【Abstract】Over the past few years, issues concerning ‘anchor children’ have expanded to cover different aspects of Hong Kong society, from obstetrics and gynaecology services to educational issues. Increasing numbers of anchor children are coming to Hong Kong to receive primary school education. Though anchor children are Hong Kong residents, since their parents do not have Hong Kong residentship, the anchor children face a number of difficulties in being educated in Hong Kong. This article analyses the difficulties anchor children face in terms of education and growth in population policy, and looks at measures to improve future policies regarding anchor children.
Keywords: Population policy, anchor children, human resources
The Tertiary Education of Hong Kong: Challenges faced by the Youth and related Policy Implication - Paul YIP Cassius CHOW
Professor, Social Work and Social Administration Department, The University of Hong Kong
PhD Candidate, Social Work and Social Administration Department, The University of Hong Kong
【Abstract】Hong Kong citizens are convinced that education always promotes social mobility. In recent years, the media has reported that although youth in Hong Kong are generally attaining higher education levels as part of a trend of social advancement, their actual returns from jobs and their living standard do not seem to have improved much. This worrying situation has aroused discontent among the young. This article intends to understand Hong Kong families’ willingness to input into the education of their children and the actual monetary income from the jobs of various types of graduates. It also probes into the situation of the labour market and issues relating to the allocation of school places, and provides suggestions based on the phenomena discussed.
Keywords: Youth, input in education, returns of education, labor market, education inequality
Career Planning in the Changing Society - Yat Hung CHUI
Yat Hung CHUI
Lecturer, Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
【Abstract】This paper tracks the adolescent life planning and development in contemporary changing society from various career planning perspectives. It highlights some specific career transition models and related counselling concepts, and addresses developmental challenges and coping needs in response to a rapidly changing society.
Keywords: Career Development, Life Planning, Social Change, Career Counselling
Chances and Challenges for Non-Engaged Youth in the Changing Hong Kong Society - Victor ZHENG Chung Yan IP Fanny M. C. CHEUNG
Co-Director, Centre for Social and Political Development Studies, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, the Chinese University of Hong Kong
Chung Yan IP
Research Associate, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, the Chinese University of Hong Kong
Fanny M. C. CHEUNG
Pro-Vice-Chancellor, the Chinese University of Hong Kong & Director, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, the Chinese University of Hong Kong
【Abstract】In 2011, 5.7% of the youth population of Hong Kong was non-engaged (not in employment, education, or training), with unemployment accounting for over three-fifths of this group. Disaggregated analyses of the official statistics reveal that this group is composed of those who are less educated and from disadvantaged family backgrounds. In view of the labour shortage and booming prospects of the construction industry, we argue that this industry represents one of the alternative career paths for these rather vulnerable youth. In contrast to the downward trend of incomes in low-level occupations in other industries, earnings for workers in the construction industry have been growing over time for different age groups. Accordingly, we call for a re-think of employment alternatives for low-educated youth.
Keywords: NEET, non-engaged youth, youth unemployment, labour market
Rejecting Adulthood or being denied of Adulthood: A Critical Interrogation on Youth Transition - Shui Ling Louisa YAU Ka Chun SHIU
Shui Ling Louisa YAU
PhD, Department of Social Work, Hong Kong Baptist University
Exco Member of Hong Kong Policy Viewers
Ka Chun SHIU
Associate Director, Centre for Youth Research and Practice, Hong Kong Baptist University
Lecturer, Department of Social Work, Hong Kong Baptist University
【Abstract】The Census and Statistics Department of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region published the Thematic Report: Youth in January, 2013, based on data collected from the population census of 2011. However, the statistics regarding young people’s education, employment, housing arrangement and marriage have not been thoroughly discussed in society. In response, this paper analyzes the local youth population with reference to different school-to-work transition theories and argues that the discourse of personal choice, with an oversight of the social and economic contexts where young people are embedded, is insufficient to explain the contemporary school-to-work transitions of young people.
Keywords: Youth Transition, individualization, marginalization