Youth I.D.E.A.S. 38
Education and Innovation
Improving the Effectiveness of Career and Life Planning Education
30 January, 2019
According to The HKSAR Government: “Life Planning is an on-going and lifelong process for personal fulfilment…At the schooling stage, life planning education…is not merely…when they are in need of making subject or career choice”.
Therefore, Life Planning Education and Career Guidance (CLP education) ought to play a significant role in fostering a student’s “…self-understanding, personal planning” and “…goal setting”.
The Government announced in 2014 that mandatory CLP education in the senior secondary stage, would begin at the start of the 2014-2015 academic year. To support the required preparation work, the government also announced that it would provide a grant to public sector schools of more than HK$500,000 to operate such classes commencing at the start of the same academic year.
Outlined in ‘Guide on Life Planning Education and Career Guidance for Secondary Schools’ published later that year, the Education Bureau encouraged schools to adopt a ‘whole-school’ approach to CLP education. This was intended to help students understand the concept of ‘Multiple Pathway’, and encourage them to make study/career decisions in accordance with their interests, abilities and orientations.
Five years have passed since the full-scale implementation of CLP education in the Secondary School curriculum. Yet, according to research, more than 41% of surveyed secondary school students only ‘[know] a little bit’ (26.4%) or ‘[know] nothing’ about Life Planning; 14.7% stated they ‘[had] nearly no idea’ about their life planning progress.
Furthermore, another research conducted in 2018 noted 39% of survey students had done nothing to prepare for their career pathway. Both of these studies indicate room for improvement in the implementation of CLP education.
Secondary education is an important transitional stage for students. Well-implemented CLP education can help students understand their personal development, build up career prospects and life goals, and help smooth the transition from school to work.
Therefore, this research paper takes a two-fold approach: 1) review schools’ CLP education and implementation strategies (using the opinions of both students and schools); 2) propose possible measures to enhance the effectiveness of CLP education.
 Education Bureau (2017). “What is Life Planning?”. Retrieved February 14, 2019, from https://careerguidance.edb.hkedcity.net/edb/opencms/lifeplanning/theme-area/guide-on-life-planning-education-and-career-guidance/?__locale=en
 The HKSAR Government (2014). Policy Address 2014. Paragraph 105.
 Career Guidance Section, School Development Division, Education Bureau (2014). Guide on Life Planning Education and Career Guidance for Secondary Schools (1st Edition).
 Which means all teaching stuff should be familiar with the concept of life planning, and participating in schools’ CLP education.
 Booklet 9 of the Secondary Education Curriculum Guide (2017) written by the Education Bureau, is named “Career and Life Planning – Multiple Pathways for All Students to Excel”
 On.cc東網。2018年1月20日。〈生涯規劃成效存疑 39%高中生無為前途準備〉。