Television Literacy of Hong Kong Youngsters - Tiger C. F. CHAN
Tiger C. F. CHAN
[Abstract] Recent research on television viewing behavior of secondary students reveals that Hong Kong youngsters highly attached to serial viewing. They even perceive that the contents of serials truly reflect particular issues of the real world. In addition, research also finds that the heavy serial watchers have the tendency to learn from those stories, particularly when dealing with problems of love affairs. These findings indicate media education to local youngsters is highly inadequate. This paper tries to discuss the problems, as well as the causes of the deficiency, in television literacy of Hong Kong youngsters, finally stating that local media education should put more emphasis on educating the parents, besides the work in school.
Old Media, New Media, New People: Utilization of the Media by Taiwan Adolescents in a Media-Rich Environment - Ying-Yi TANG Jing-Houng KUO
Associate Professor, Department of Mass Media, Chinese Culture University, Taiwan
Professor, Department of Social Welfare, Chinese Culture University, Taiwan
[Abstract] In the last decade of the 20th century, Taiwan has experienced drastic changes through political democratization, economic freedom and social multi-culturism. These changes and the full utilizating of communication technology, has made Taiwan a media-rich environment. Adolescents in Taiwan not only have a variety of medium to choose from, but can also select different channels or content within the same type of medium. Embedded in such media rich environment, how do Taiwanese adolescents use the media? What kind of media do they use? Why do they use them? These are the questions which will be focussed upon in this study. In other words, this study attempts to illustrate a full picture of the use of media by Taiwanese adolescents. Data has been randomly selected from Taiwan's adolescent (between 12 to 17 years old prior to December 31, 1998) population. The sample size is 2,176. Statistical analyses are applied to the data to examine relationships among adolescents?media uses (medium type, channel, content, time spent), their gender, age, and residence, as well as the goal of media usage.
Sexual Attitudes, Sexual Experiences and Attitudes of Love among Chinese University Students: A Comparative Study between Hong Kong and Beijing - YUE Xiao Dong Shirley YAN
YUE Xiao Dong
Assistant Professor, Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong
Research Assistant, Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong
[Abstract] This paper examines the differences in sexual attitudes, sexual experiences and attitudes of love among a sample of 507 undergraduates in Hong Kong and Beijing. Hong Kong undergraduates demonstrate significantly more openness in sexual attitudes and experiences, than their counterparts in Beijing. Males demonstrate significantly more openness than females. But Hong Kong and Beijing undergraduates differ little in their beliefs about love. Good character is the most important element in selecting a love or marital partner for young people in both cities. Following on, males care for appearance while females care for talent. Young people in both cities were found to be pragmatic in their beliefs about love. The paper concludes with a discussion on the advantages of using a combined approach of qualitative methods and quantitative methods in data collection and analysis for research studies on social issues.
A Comparison of the Systems of University Student Affairs Management in Mainland China and Hong Kong - HUANG Xiliang HUANG Juhong
Deputy Director, Department of Student Affairs, Nanjing University
Director, Department of Student Affairs, the Chinese University of Hong Kong
[Abstract] The paper compares the similarities and differences between the systems of University Student Affairs Management in mainland China and Hong Kong in four areas. In terms of organizational structures, mainland China adopts a hierarchical structure that distinguishes itself clearly from the more monotype structure in Hong Kong. In terms of administrative functions, there are three similarities and two differences. With the modes of management, the system on the Mainland has characteristic of "democracy combined with centralization? while in Hong Kong there is a form of "democracy plus legal practice? both of which have their own advantages and disadvantages. All these differences in turn lead to further differences in Student Affairs Management. Based on the above comparisons and analyses, the paper puts forward five suggestions for improving the University Student Affairs Management systems on the Mainland and in Hong Kong.
Youth Life-experiences and Social Cognition in Taiwan - Hua Yuan TSENG James J. H. KUO
Hua Yuan TSENG
Professor, Department of Social Work, Tunghai University
James J. H. KUO
Professor and Chairman, Department of Social Welfare, Chinese Culture University
[Abstract] Adolescence is in the developmental stage of physical and psychological growth. Adolescents need more opportunities and a suitable environment with which to foster their dialectically cognitive and moral judgment abilities. According to this survey, it was found that stress emanates from adolescents? Parents and their academic subjects. They seemed less positive in coping with their daily-life problems, participated in less social activities and got along more with their peers. Peers and parents were their major sources of trust and affection. Society seemed to have a prejudice against adolescents; nevertheless, adolescents still had confidence in themselves. Suggestions with regard to family, school and society were put forward not only in educational practices, but in social work practices, in order to promote adolescents? social-cognitive abilities to improve their social development.
Inside Out: Discoursing Youth Work - Wallace, SHIU Ka Chun
Wallace, SHIU Ka Chun
M.Phil Candidate, Social Work Department, Hong Kong Baptist University
Youth Social Worker, Tsuen Wan Integrated Youth Service Centre, The Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups
[Abstract] Discourse does not exist in a vacuum, but develops in dialogue with other forms of prevalent and ongoing discussion. This paper does not focus on which discourse represents the "real"- in this case the alternative as opposed to the conventional. Rather, the author is concerned by the mechanics by which a dominant discourse is formed. How it achieves an institutional credibility, by funding, staffing and buildings, usually provided for by the state. The paper is also concerned with how the discourse is accepted and respected by the population as a whole, vis-?vis any other forms of discourse which are treated with suspicion and are relegated to the margins of society. What this paper has attempted to do is question the naturalisation of dominant discourse structures within which youth work is discussed, in order to make the excluded positions available and to gain credence and credibility for them.
Empowering Band-5 Students "Top-Teen" An Intensive Program to Improve Self-Image, Self-Mastery and Self-Motivation among Underachieving Students - Anthony LEK CHENG Kai Wai, Josephine Peter NEWBERY
Director, Don Bosco Youth Center
CHENG Kai Wai, Josephine
Social Worker, "Top-Teen" Volunteer
Executive Director, Youth Outreach
[Abstract] The article describes the "Top-Teen Program" This is a short, intensive, residential program which aims to change the self image and improve the self confidence of underachieving and poorly motivated students - popularly known as "band-5" students. The program is based on known therapeutic theories - particularly Neuro-Linguistic Programming. It focuses on the areas of ego-identity, self-mastery and self-esteem. All participants are given relevant psychological tests before participating and again afterwards. Statistical analysis of the results has consistently shown a significant improvement in all three areas after participating in the program. The authors argue that this indicates that it is possible to "re-motivate" students who had previously considered themselves as useless drop-outs.
A Study on Psychological Guidance for Developing the Concept Formation Ability of Primary School Students - SUN Zhifeng
Graduate Student, Department of Psychology, Suzhou University
[Abstract] This paper focuses on the effects of psychological guidance for developing the concept formation ability of primary school students, and the correlation between concept formation ability and learning performance. In the guidance of primary school students by groups, sixteen intelligence and non-intelligence aspects are considered. These include: learning habits, thinking, self-consciousness, will, capability, imagination, interest, attention, emotion, observation, ideal, memory, motivation, need, personality and creativity. The study aims to improve the psychological level of the students and to promote their overall quality. The results show that psychological guidance by groups have an impact on the concept formation ability of primary school students. The correlation between concept formation ability and achievement was higher than without guidance. There does appear, however, to be a gender difference underlying the general trend. Male students' correlations rise while female students' decline. Initial concept formation ability can exert a more profound influence on girls' future academic achievements than on boys' The research also indicates that the importance of psychological guidance by group, ranges according to the students' intelligence.